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Special Education Characteristics, Accommodations and Strategies

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Hearing Impaired

"Deafness means a hearing impairment that is so severe that the child is impaired in processing linguistic information through hearing, with or without amplification, that adversely affects a child's educational performance.  Hearing impairment means an impairment in hearing, whether permanent or fluctuating, that adversely affects a child's educational performance."  (IDEA, 1997)
There are three types of hearing impairment, Conductive, Sensorineural, and Mixed hearing loss. 


  1. May use a loud voice when speaking
  2. May appear inattentive
  3. May not respond when spoken to
  4. Confused by other's speech
  5. Articulation errors


  1. Preferential seating (good ear towards most of classroom)
  2. Pre-teach vocabulary
  3. Flexible time limits
  4. Teacher should be visible to student
  5. Write information for student when necessary
  6. Provide study guides/lesson notes
  7. Specialized equipment, hearing aides, auditory trainer...etc
  8. Reduced assignments
  9. Minimize distractions


  1. Use visual aids
  2. Provide summaries, outlines, scripts
  3. Repeat other students' comments
  4. Pair student with partner
  5. Cooperative learning
  6. Keep background noise to a minimum
  7. Teach in full view of the student
  8. Help child with social cues that he may have missed
  9. Help the child build relationships with others



This site was created by Ann Kuehnel who is
a classroom teaching in the
Springfield School District,
Springfield, Illinois.