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Special Education Characteristics, Accommodations and Strategies

Home | Sources | Autism | Mental Retardation | Learning Disability | Other Health Impaired | Emotionally Disturbed | Visually Impaired | Hearing Impaired | Orthopedically Impaired








Mental Retardation

Definition
 
"Mental retardation is a disability characterized by significant limitations both in intellectual functioning and in adaptive behavior as expressed in conceptual, social, and practical adaptive skills.

This disability originates before age 18."  (AAMR 2002)

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Characteristics

  1. Short attention span
  2. Cognitive deficits
  3. Language deficits
  4. Academic deficits
  5. Social-emotional deficits

Accommodations
  1. Assistive technology
  2. Advance organizers
  3. Reduced or modified assignments
  4. Flexible time
  5. Alternative grading scale
  6. Read aloud
  7. Pair with a buddy
  8. Flexible seating

 

Strategies
  1. Teach basic language skills and concepts
  2. Social skills instruction
  3. Teach life skills
  4. Build career awareness
  5. Community involvement
  6. Cooperative learning groups
  7. Build social relationships
  8. Encourage communication and verbal language
  9. Task Analysis -- break down task into smaller skills
  10. Prepare student for upcoming changes in schedule or events
  11. Use visuals when teaching
  12. Hands-on learning



This site was created by Ann Kuehnel who is
a classroom teaching in the
Springfield School District,
Springfield, Illinois.